Majors, minors + certificates

Minor in African Expressive Cultures (AFREXPCMIN)African Studies Program

Students on Summer 2021, Fall 2021, or Spring 2022 requirements.


The Minor in African Expressive Cultures allows students to develop a deeper understanding of African societies, nations, ethnic groups, citizens, and their many contributions to world history and current events through the study of African expressive practices—including the visual arts, music and dance, theater and cinema, epics and oral traditions, and a large variety of other creative forms of communication such as religious and political activities and numerous types of sports and games. Effective, punctuated expression—which is to say aesthetically designed and enacted communication—carries tremendous social weight across the continent of Africa, in every nation and every culture. It is used to communicate values, to bolster and garner support for them, or subvert and change them. It is used to wield or reform political influence. It is used to gain or maintain social and economic resources. It possesses this clout because aesthetic expression is sophisticated business in African societies, and citizens from every walk of life put much stock in its importance. The minor will allow students to take several courses across a spectrum of creativity—such as literature, music, and the visual arts—or concentrate courses in any one of those, or even concentrate on a particular geographic region of the continent.

Minor requirements

The minor requires at least 15 credit hours, including the requirements listed below.

  1. Introductory Course. One (1) course:
  2. Electives. 12 credit hours:
    • (approved topic: "Photography and Ethnography")
    • (approved topics only; see academic advisor)
    • (approved topics only; see academic advisor)
    • (approved topic: "Magic, Science, and Art in Africa")
    • (approved topics: "The Cultural Work of Music in East Africa"; "Global Pop Music")
    • (approved topics only; see academic advisor)
    • (approved topic: "African History and Film")
    • Additional courses chosen in consultation with the African Studies advisor
  3. GPA and Hours Requirements.
    1. Minor Residency. At least 9 credit hours in the minor must be completed in courses taken through the Indiana University Bloomington campus or an IU-administered or IU co-sponsored Overseas Study program.
    2. Minor Upper Division Courses. At least 9 credit hours in the minor must be completed at the 300–499 level.
    3. Minimum Grade. Except for the GPA requirement, a grade of C- or higher is required for a course to count toward a requirement in the minor.
    4. Minor GPA. A GPA of at least 2.000 for all courses taken in the minor—including those where a grade lower than C- is earned—is required.